Congenital hydrocephalus

In many cases the congenital hydrocephalus is in connection with other congenital diseases, mainly brain malformation in various forms.

At foetuses and infants the skull bones are not firmly grown together, thus the intracranial pressure from the hydrocephalus is compensated by a partly enormous extension of the skull bones. When cranial sutures and fontanels are firm and therefore the compensation of an increasing size of the head is impossible, the pressure within the cranium rises, parts of the brain are shifted and vital areas are affected. At first neurological disorders appear, later cardiovascular disorders and in the end the hydrocephalus can lead to heart and circulatory arrest and apnea and thus to death.